SEIGHTSEEING
FROM VIMINACIUM TO IRON GATE

Attractions from Viminacium following Golubac Fortress, Archeological site Lepenski Vir to the finish with Tabula Traina are all must see places in Serbia. They are all on the road to our Vila. Don't miss any of them on your journey.Villa Danube Paradise belongs to Branicevo district where the sights and natural treasures do not stay behind other districts of Serbia. The monasteries  from the fourteenth and the sixteenth century, caves, hermitages, sculptures in the rocks and other sights are lined from Veliko Gradište to Donji Milanovac, which form part of the National park  Iron Gate.

Golubac  Fortress

Golubac  fortress / distance from Villa 11 km / is located on the territory of the National Park Iron Gate, on the right bank of the Danube, 4 km downstream from the present town Golubac. Since 1948 it is under the protection of the Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments and by the categorization of immovable cultural property from 1979 it was declared a cultural monument of great importance.

Fort is located on the high peaks on the place where the river narrows at the entrance to the Iron Gate. It was built in a fan shape and consists of three parts: the front, rear and upper city (the citadel), making a total of 10 towers and two large school gates. In front of the fortress was a civil settlement, of which today only some partially explored objects remain.

Golubac had a turbulent history. During the Middle Ages,  many battles were fought around it, especially between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary. Since 1867, it was handed over to Serbian Prince Mihailo Obrenovic. In modern times Golubac is a popular tourist attraction on the Danube. In 2012 the project of revitalization of the fortress was started.  Within the project,  a bypass tunnel, visitors' center and the complex around the fortress for the purposes of visitors were built . The complete revitalization of the fortress is expected by the end of 2017. In March 2017 these facilities were put into operation: the complex for visitors with facilities Archaeological Park, Turkish Bath - Hamam XV century, the Roman house III century AD, Visitor's Center, Info desk, gift shop, cafeteria, parking.

Information:

Opening hours

May - August 9a.m. to 7 p.m.

September 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

*** On Mondays – closed

*** Note: Parking fees apply

Sources: Wikipedia, Tvrdjavagolubackigrad.rs

More info: www.tvrdjavagolubackigrad.rs

 

Monastery Tuman


Monastery Tuman / distance from Villa 19km Vinci-> Golubac-> Village Dvoriste/  is located in the Golubac valley on the coast of the stream. The construction of this monastery, dedicated to St. Archangel Michael, is associated with the name of Milos Obilic, who at the time of Duke Lazar managed Branicevo area. Once, when Milos Obilic went hunting, he  accidentally wounded a hermit Zosim  who lived in a nearby cave. On the road to healer for the treatment, the old man feeling his end said, "TU MANI (meaning stop, leave it be) - leave me there to die". At the place where the old man died Milos buried his body and over the grave  built a church, now the monastery. While the monastery was constructed,  an invitation leter by the Duke came to him where Duke says that he has to go to the battle. TU MANI, (leave the construction of the monastery) and come to Kosovo. From twice TU MANI,  monastery was named Tuman.              

 No one knows the exact time of construction of the monastery. It first appeares in the registration from 1572 / 3. The registration  from the the late 16th century, the time of Sultan Murad III determines the location of the monastery near village Dvorište. In the second half of the 16th century,  a literary work was founded at the monastery - Tuman's apocryphal collection. During Koča's borderland, the monastery was burned by the Turks.  In 1966 Tuman  became women's monastery. There are now also some great guest houses, small living quarters, the hermitage above the chapel Venerable Zosim.

 

Memorial plaque to Zawisza Czarny

Memorial plaque to Zawisza Czarny at Golubac Fortress / distance from Villa 11 km Vinci->Golubac /, a Polish knight who died defending the fortress against the Turks, also known as The Black Knight. His nickname is due to his black hair and his custom-made, black armor, which is kept at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Poland. He served as a soldier and diplomat under the Polish king Władysław II and Hungarian-Bohemian king Sigismund of Luxembourg.

 In 1428, Zawisza, with his retinue as a commander of light horse banner of 500 horsemen, joined the forces of Sigismund in the king's war against the Ottoman Turks. During that disastrous campaign he fought the Turks at the Battle of Golubac on the Danube. Sigismund's army was defeated by the Turkish forces. They had to retreat across the Danube, with only a few boats.

 Zawisza's banner was guarding the retreating army. Being a man of importance, he was personally sent for by king Sigismund. He allegedly refused to retreat, obviously disappointed by king's cowardice. He was either killed in combat or executed in Turkish captivity. A monument to Zawisza at Golubac fortress, Serbia, bears the inscription: "In Golubac, his life was taken by the Turks in 1428, the famous Polish knight, the symbol of courage and honor, Zawisza the Black. Glory to the hero!"

Ethno house Sladinac /distance of Villa 12 km Vinci-> Golubac-> village Sladinac/ 

This house is located in the village Sladinac, has the objects from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century: beds, tripods, pottery, costumes, spindle ...

Source: Wikipedia, Tvrdjavagolubackigrad.rs

More info: www.tvrdjavagolubackigrad.rs

Zosim Hermitage

Zosim Hermitage / distance from Villa 19km Vinci->Golubac->village Dvorište /.

 Zosim lived in a cave, his ascetic life devoted to God. In the fifties of last century, the cave was adapted into the chapel, when the priest Pahomije decided to live a solitary life. At the entrance of the cave, there is a shelter with three divisions on the ground floor and five on the floor. Near the hermitage, a water source is located in the form of a small waterfall, and miraculous healing properties are  related to its water. Natural Monument tufa accumulation at Tuman monastery, classified in the third Category of protection as a natural monument, location -  250m above sea level. In a small space, a distance of about 200 m, there is a number of morphological structures such as waterfall  14 m high, several small waterfalls, spillways and tufa tub. The specificity of this monument of nature makes Zosim Hermitage in the tufa, fountain where some  people offer gifts for dead souls, old beech and oak forests.

 

 

Rock Baba Kaj

Rock Baba Kaj / distance from Villa 12 km /

A detailed description of the George's rocks position founded in the travel notes from the 1893: ''Baba Kaj is the lonely and the top pointed rock, which rises above the water surface of 18 meters high. It stands as an outpost of the Danube Gorge, as the forerunner of many rocks above and below the surface, which hamper the passage of the gorge, stands as a reminder of the dangers that begin from there ''. The same text keeps the story that some Hungarians fled with the most beautiful woman in the harem of the Turkish aga, who commanded Golubac; a Turk ran after them and got them on the bank of the Danube; outraged husband took off his head and hang the hijacker to unfaithfull woman around the neck and he threw her to the rock and nailes her so crows and ravens would peck her, the eagles to slaughters her living flesh! - He shouted when he walked away from the rocks ''Babo Kaj se!'' And from that time the rock is called Baba Kaj. According the second interpretation, the name comes from Turkish: baba-father and kai-stone "father's stone" - a very appropriate name for the giant rock that dominates the entrance region of the Iron Door.

Sources: Wikipedia, togolubac.org

Ethno house Sladinac

Ethno house Sladinac /distance of Villa 12 km Vinci-> Golubac-> village Sladinac/ 

This house is located in the village Sladinac, has the objects from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century: beds, tripods, pottery, costumes, spindle ...

Source: Wikipedia, Tvrdjavagolubackigrad.rs

More info: www.tvrdjavagolubackigrad.rs

 

Cave Ceremosnja


Cave Ceremosnja / distance from Villa 36 km Vinci->Golubac->Ceremosnja/, rich with cave ornaments, one of the significant caves of Serbia. Its total length is 775 m, the tourist trail  has a length of 431 m.  The first name that was mentioned in written documents was  Jovan's cave because the cave location was on the estate of Jovan Grujic. In 1980 it was opened for tourist visits and was named by the same village in which it is located. Ceremosnja can be reached by asphalt road.

Source: Wikipedia, tokucevo.org, ceremosnja.org

More info: http://www.tokucevo.org/pecina-ceremosnja/   http://www.ceremosnja.com/

 

Visitor center Lepenski Vir

Visitor center Lepenski Vir archeological site /distance from Villa 53km Vinci-> Golubac->  Fortress-> Lepenski Vir/

This archaeological site was discovered by Dragoslav Srejović 40 years ago. According to world's largest and best-known archaeologists and anthropologists, Lepenski Vir is the most important archaeological discovery of the 20th century in Europe and one of the most important in the world, it is one of the most important and most complex prehistoric culture. The world famous resorts and residential and religious buildings that were built in that area in period about 6500 BC to the 5500 BC, as well as sculptures from the 7th millennium BC, dedicated to the figure of the sun god. Lepenski vir was explored in the late 60's of last century, as part of large safety studies related to the construction of Iron Gate Dam. It is not expected to be below the small Neolithic settlement found carefully planned buildings, tombs that point to specific rituals, a variety of objects made of bone, horn and stone and monumental stone sculptures. Further studies showed that Lepenski Vir can be considered the center of a specific and long-term Mesolithic culture, one of the most complex and intriguing European cultures. At the heart of the village there was a wide square, which was the place of various rituals. Based on the shape and proportions of habitat can be established that the builders of Lepenski Vir possessed some mathematical knowledge. Around the hearth were placed statues of large pebbles representing the human figure which was originally designed only the head. At a later stage, the sculptures of human figures take shape and become real idols. On them are usually modeled maximize objective human heads, fish, deer, and Found Objects are engraved enigmatic plays, similar to the coordinate system of signs, drawings , letters, figures, landscapes. / / Info: the price of the ticket  for Visitors' Center  includes the documentary film screenings in the auditorium of the followed during the study sites, presentation provided by site curator, as well as virtual presentations on computers,  also workshops for children / /

Sources: Seecult.org, Wikipedia, lepenski-vir.rs

More information: http://www.lepenski-vir.rs/

 

 

The statue of King Decebalus

The statue of King Decebalus / distance  from  Villa   59 km /

A   40m  high   and   25 m  wide sculpture - face od Dacian  king Decebal   carved   into  the  wall.

It is the last ruler of Dacia, which is surrounded by Trajan's troops in their capital  Sarmizegetusa.  He committed  suicide to avoid capture in 106 AD.

It was also a place  of  great Trajan  marched  Romans in Dacia, which  had long prepared  the construction  of the entire infrastructure in the Serbian, the right bank of the Danube (road, bridge, fortifications).

The sculpture was completed in 2004 by 12 stonecutters-climbers, after 10 years  of work. The  creation  of  the  Rock  was  done  with  dynamite  and pneumatic  hammers, and  the  total  cost  of  works  has reached a sum of million dollars.  The  sculpture Decebalus is the largest carved sculpture in Europe.  Decebalus's eye is about 4.3 meters long, and the nose is 7 meters long and 4 meters wide. It was  initiated  and  funded by Romanian tycoon and   amateur   historian    Joseph    Constantine    Dragan.  Therefore,  the inscription in Latin stands "Decebal Rex - Dragan fecit" ( "King Decebalus – made by  Dragan").

Source: Wikipedia

More information:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_sculpture_of_Decebalus

 

 

VIMINACIUM

Viminacium (lat. Viminacium) is an archaeological site near Old Kostolac, 12 km from Pozarevac. Roman military camp and the city was built in the first and lasted until the beginning of the seventh century. He was one of the most important legion camps on the Danube, and for a time the capital of the Roman province of Upper Moesia (Moesia Superior), which covered the largest part of Serbia, northern Macedonia and part of northwest Bulgaria.

Within the site are seven facilities open for visitors:

  • Archaeological Park
  • North Main Gate legionary camp (Porta Praetoria)
  • Roman Spa
  • Mausoleum which is probably buried Roman emperor Hostilian
  • Mammoth Park
  • DomAll Scientiarvm
  • Craft Center with furnaces for the production of ceramics and bricks
  • Paleochristian memory (due to specific locations within the thermal power plant Drmno available for the visit only in exceptional circumstances and with prior notice securing TEKO Kostolac B)

Opening hours

April 09: 00-18: 00;

 May - September 09: 00-19: 00,

October 09: 00-17: 00;

The archaeological park is open every day except January 1st

Sources: Wikipedia, Viminacijum.org.rs

More information: http://viminacium.org.rs/

The Roman Plaque “Tabula Traiana”

The Roman Plaque “Tabula Traiana” /distance from Villa 60 km Vinci-> Golubac->Golubac Fortress->Lepenski Vir/

The Latin inscription dedicated to the Roman Emperor Trajan, placed on a carved rock above the Iron Gates Gorge. This plaque is part of the ensemble of the so-called Roman monuments which belong to the Roman road and remains of the bridge built by Trajan over the Danube. These monuments date back to the expedition of Trajan against the Dacians north of the Danube. For this project a military road was built from Belgrade to go mountain edges on the right bank of the Iron Gate to the flatter part where Apolodor engineer from Damascus built the bridge across the Danube. These ventures are immortalized in the scenes shown in the lower part of the Trajan column in Rome. The bridge was a wooden structure on brick pillars, which was a typical technology of the time. Trajan also regulated part of the Danube, which is due to the rapids until then considered impossible to sail. The construction of hydroelectric power plant Iron Gate (1963-1972) sunk the Roman time. It was decided to cut the plaque Traiana and place it 21.5 meters higher  to be visible from the river. The monument is composed of large vertical table carved in stone. It is adorned with two dolphins, roses and an eagle with outstretched wings. The plaque is being protected patio stone bearing an inscription carved in modern times: Tabula Traian. The monument is composed of large vertical plaque carved in stone. It is adorned with two dolphins, roses and an eagle with outstretched wings. The plaque is being protected patio stone bearing an inscription carved in modern times: Tabula Traian. The text was interpreted by Otto Benndorf to mean:

EMPEROR CAESAR SON OF THE DIVINE NERVA, NERVA TRAJAN, THE AUGUSTUS, GERMANICUS, PONTIFEX MAXIMUS, APOINTED  FOR TRIBUNE  FOR THE FOURTH TIME , FATHER OF THE FATHERLAND, CONSUL FOR THE THIRD TIME EXCAVATING MOUNTAIN ROCKS AND USING WOOD BEAMS HAS MADE  THIS ROAD.

Latin text

IMP CAESAR DIVI NERVAE F NERVA TRAIANVS AUG GERM PONTIF MAXIMVS TRIB POT IIII PATER PATRIAE COS III MONTIBVS EXCISI. ANCO..BVS SVBLATIS VIA. .E.       

Trajan's bridge

Trajan's Bridge was a monumental building on the Danube River in the section where it flows through the Iron Gate and connects the Upper Moesia and Dacia (today's Serbia and Romania) during the Roman Empire. The bridge was built on the orders of Roman Emperor Marcus Ulpius Nerva Trajan. The bridge was officially openedin year 105  on the Danube, during the march of the Roman emperor Trajan on Dacians. The bridge was 1,097.5 meters long and for about 1,000 years it was considered to be the longest bridge ever built in the world. It was located near the village of Kostol near Kladovo at the Serbian side and Turnu Severin at Romanian side. The bridge was designed by the greatest architects of the time Apolodor of Damascus. The archaeological remains of Trajan's bridge and Pontes Roman settlement located some 5 kilometers from Kladovo, east of the village Kostol. This bridge is one of the most important masterpieces of Roman architecture.

Hologram  of Trajan's Bridge

Project of the Ministry of Culture of Serbia, it is envisaged that at the site of the former monumental building should be a laser installation to their bundles drawn original appearance of the bridge. Laser would be visible at night, and when a ship touches it, illusion would disappear.

Source: Wikipedia

More information: https://goo.gl/ko3xOj

 

MANIFESTATIONS

April

  • 28-29.04.2017. Festival cveća i meda/ Flower and Honey Festival – Kusiće
  • 04.2017 Uranank Muzički Festival/ Music Festival – Srebrno Jezero

Maj

  • 05.2017. Majski festival cveća / May flower festival - Golubac
  • 12-14.05.2017. Majski festival folklora / Folklore May festival – Braničevo
  • 18-19.05.2017 Noć Muzeja Veliko Gradište / Night of museum in Veliko Gradište
  • 05.2017. Noć muzeja u Golupcu / Night of museum in Golubac

Jun

  • 09.06-11.06.2017. Tešketova regata / Sailing competition - Golubac
  • 28-30.06.2017. Nacionalno prvenstvo Mikro kup / National sailing competition - Golubac
  • 06.2017. Dani Miloša Obilića / Miloš Obilić Memorial Day – Tumane
  • 06.2017. Dan Dunava / Europen Danube Day – Golubac
  • 06.2017. Dan Dunava / Europen Danube Day – Golubac

Jul

  • 07-09.07.2017. Internacionalni festival Vlaha / International Vlah festival – Žitkovica
  • 07.2017. Turnir u malom fudbalu / Football tournament- Golubac
  • 28-30.07.2017. Sajam Dunava / The Danube fair – Golubac
  • 27-30.07.2017 Moto skup / International Biker Meeting - Srebrno Jezero

Avgust

  • 5-6.08.2017. Alasko poseo / Fisherman gathering – Vinci
  • 08.2017. Međunarodna kajakaška regata / Tour Danube International regatta - Golubac
  • 10-13.08.2017. Festival mladih / Youth festival - Golubac
  • 08-02.09.2017. Međunarodni Festival turističkog i ekološkog filma / SILVER LAKE TOURFILM FESTIVAL – SILAFEST  - Srebrno Jezero
  • 08.2017. Tradicionalni golubački vašar / Traditional Golubac fair - Golubac